The distinct chemical groups in equine wormers in the UK

Equine wormers and their distinct chemical groups

IF YOU ARE IN ANY DOUBT ABOUT YOUR HORSES HEALTH PLEASE CONSULT YOUR VET

View a worming calendar with tactical worming guidelines
View which brands fall in to which chemical group

FEBENDAZOLE & MEBENDAZOLE BASED WORMERS

Fenbendazole & Mebendazole based products are used less and less nowadays in routine worming as there is confirmed resistance to them. In some cases they still have a role to play when used as part of a rotational system but so it is best to take expert advice before relying on products within that group to control worm burden. Ascertain that your horse is infected with worms that are susceptible to it by taking a dung sample and having an egg count done.. By using a 5-day course  of a fenbendazole-based wormer  between October and March small redworm encysted larvae acquired during the grazing season will be removed. If an early dosage is administered this treatment can be repeated again in February to remove larvae acquired during the winter months. This will also help reduce the levels of infective larvae on the pasture the following spring. 

MOXIDECTIN BASED WORMERS 

A Moxidectin based wormer has an ability to kill encysted developing cyathostome larvae (small redworm) in a single standard dose. Studies have indicated that the ingredient Moxidectin, suppresses egg reappearance and therefore leads to a long dosing interval for small redworm control. Moxidectin based Wormers are  also effective against large redworm, pinworms, stomach worms, Intestinal threadworms, Ascarids ( adult and larval stages) and will also treat for bots.

IVERMECTIN BASED WORMERS 

Worms are an ever-present threat even during winter months. Worms can survive frost and snow so even a short time on pasture during winter months can be enough for horses to pick up a new infection. Used routinely throughout the winter months, lvermectin based wormers will reduce the risk of infestation. The interval between treatments can be up to 12 weeks and in a single dose it will give effectiveness against both larval and adult stages of the important parasites of horses, including small redworms. lvermectin based Wormers control parasites that are resistant to benzimidazole-based wormers. Ivermectin based wormers control Pinworms, Intestinal Threadworms, Large-mouthed stomach worms, Lungworms, Neck threadworms and Ascarids.
lvermectin based Wormers will also control bots when given as a single dose.

PYRANTEL BASED WORMERS 

Products based on Pyrantel are effective against most adult roundworms so have a role to play in rotational worming. They need to be administered at twice the standard dose when being used for the treatment of tapeworm. If your horse is stabled on straw or other products where mites can survive then this double dose twice a year will ensure adequate control of tapeworm infestations. The Tapeworm lifecycle is 6 months so although treatment once a year (late September/early October) may well be adequate in some cases it is recommended that you do treat twice per year to break the cycle.

A new study has shown that horses that have a tapeworm burden are up to 8 times more likely to suffer from colic. The timing of the tapeworm control doses is based on the life cycle of the worms.

PRAZIQUANTEL BASED WORMERS 

Products using praziquantel can be a very effective treatment for all three known species of equine tapeworm in a single dose, again being most effective twice a year. Products that contain ivermectin as well as praziquantel  can be used all year as they are also an effective treatment against bots and round worms. Products that contain only praziquantel as the active ingredient give owners the option of treating for tape worm without also treating for roundworm thus helping to reduce the risk of equine anthelmintic resistance building up. This should still be as part of a annually rotated worming scheme with the other distinct chemical groups but care should be taken with regard to encysted small redworm larvae where a treatment using a 5-day course of a fenbendazole-based product or a Moxidectin based product should be considered.

The  distinct chemical groups, which are:  

MACROCYCLIC LACTONES

lvermectin and Moxidectin

TETRAHYDROPIRIMIDINES

Pyrantel

BENZIMIDAZOLES

Fenbendazole, Mebendazole, Oxibendazole

Products based solely on Praziquantel only are effective for tapeworm control and must be used in conjunction with products based on the three main chemical groups.

 

There has been evidence of a resistance building to products in the Benzimidazole group in certain areas so it is best to take expert advice before relying on products within that group to control worm burden.

 

HERBAL FORMULATION

Herbal products are now available using specific combinations of plants to repel parasites.  These plant classes are designed to promote a good gut micro-flora. As yet the scientific data available about how effective these herbal preparations are in combating worm burden is limited so it is best to take expert advice before relying on herbal products.


VERM-X
This combination of herbs are to aid the body with intestinal hygiene

. Horses should be fed 2 scoops per day for 5 days if possible split over 2 feeds. Using Verm-X over 5 days will enable it to work on the parasites that may be in the adult stage but also the larvae that my be resident in the gut wall.  Verm-X  is 100% herbal and contains no chemicals and does not contravene current FEI or Jockey Club rules.  These formulations are complimentary feeding stuffs and are non toxic and completely safe. Verm-X can be used as part of a conventional worming programme.10-12 weeks should be allowed between administrations. READ MORE HERE

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