Products based solely on Praziquantel only are effective for tapeworm control and must be used in conjunction with products based on the three main chemical groups.
Combination wormers are also available containing lvermectin and Praziquantel also available a combination of Moxidectin and Praziquantel. These products offer great convenience at times when tapeworm treatment is required along with routine worming.
If there are reasons for routine worming on a continual basis use your selected group during a 12-18 month period with particular emphasis to rotation during the grazing season. The gazing season is basically the summer months and although your selection of products may well be based on an an annual selection it is the grazing season when particular attention should be paid to rotation of the active ingredients. Out side of the grazing season are the occasions when specific worming products should be used for tactical equine worming. Change your selected group annually to a different chemical group so that your stock does not build up a resistance to wormer use. Also you must consider the use of faecal worm egg egg counts and tapewormer tests to help with deciding when, if and what to treat with.
There has been evidence of a resistance building to products in the Benzimidazole group in certain areas so it is best to take expert advice before relying on products within that group to control worm burden.
- View which brands fall in to which chemical group?
Although most of the leading brands of horse wormers are effective against adult redworms (take expert advice before relying on Benzimidazoles, ascertain that your horse is infected with worms that are susceptible to it by taking a dung sample and having an egg count done) there are times when you will need to worm tactically to treat for specific worm types at certain times of the year. Which ever chemical group you choose to use on an annual basis you will still need to dose tactically to control encysted small redworm, tapeworm and bots.
- View a worming calendar with tactical worming guidelines
Herbal worming products are now available using a specific combination of plants to repel parasites. As data is limited with regard to how effective these herbal preparations are in combating worm burden so it is best to take expert advice before relying on herbal products.
HEALTH & CIRCUMSTANCES
Different chemicals work in different ways within the body of the dosed horse so extra thought needs to be given to such circumstances of age, general health condition, administration to mares, foals and stallions and also pasture management. There are many ways in which pasture management such as poo picking, faecal worm egg counts and tapeworm tests and field use can help in reducing the use of chemical wormers and so why not tell the experts about your particular circumstances and let them tailor a plan specifically for you.
A critical time for parasite control is the early months so take special care when treating foals ensure you select an ingredient that is suitable for use on foals and use that at the correct times.
A common mistake when treating horses is under dosing so ascertain the weight of your horse as accurately as you can either by using a weight tape or even better a weigh bridge. Correct dosing is important, if you under dose your horse the product will not work efficiently and could lead to resistance.
If you administer a sub therapeutic level of the drug and thereby expose the worms to the drug, but perhaps not at a sufficient dosage to kill them. Worms that survive treatment may pass on their “immunity” to subsequent generations and those generations will become more adept at surviving chemical treatments with the potential for resistance to develop to that drug.
There are brands on the market that now that treat up to 700kg in a single syringe and now Equimax is available in tablet form with each pack treating up to 800kg. These larger syringes and tubes give that little bit extra to play with when dosing. When you estimate the weight of your horse remember we all lie about our weight so if in doubt, when estimating the weight err on the generous side. Although a slight overdose of wormer is unlikely to have harmful effects, as with all drugs, it is important to dose accurately and in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Don’t forget the environment when selecting your products be particularly concerned about aquatic life in and around your pastures. Make sure that NO product enters the water courses and protect the flora and fauna from spillage and waste. Above all be careful when you have your dogs about as some products are very dangerous and can be fatal if ingested by dogs particularly collies. You must read the instructions on the packing and keep your self up to date with the latest thinking.
The above guidelines to an effective worming programme are the opinions of the author and are not the definitive answer. They are however a base for an effective procedure that can be modified with the assistance of your vet or other professional authorised to advise on animal health. The author hopes that this article will help you to care for your horse but cannot be held responsible for any errors, omissions or changes in acceptable procedure.
We are more than happy to help out with any queries that you may have with regard to worming your horses, please feel free to contact us by email or telephone.